The northern, or Steller, sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) is a pale- to golden-brown sea lion of the Bering Sea and both sides of the North Pacific Ocean. 64 44 17. The trained seals seen in water parks and circuses are usually California sea lions. the eared seals can actually move, even run, quite rapidly when necessary. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Males are 2.0–2.5 metres in length, females 1.5–2.0 metres. Finally, seals are less social than their sea-lion cousins. Species of sea lions and fur seals can be found on the Bering strait, Australia and New Zealand, South America and California. Their rear legs are two separate, front-facing flippers that can be rotated under the body and they can rise up and move around with a two beat gate. The largest is the southern elephant seal. Groans and squeals may occur with the mouth closed, often accompanied by billowing cheeks, but classic barks and roars are delivered with jaws agape, and the noise is nearly constant. They also forage through reefs using their long, stiff whiskers, known as vibrissae, to flush out assorted invertebrates, crabs, and their favorite food, squid. Some sea lion colonies are permanent residence throughout their range, while other species are partially migratory. Related Images: seal water animal mammal nature. Sea lions live in very large social groups called colonies that may come together to sunbathe in masses of hundreds, and take to the beach to mate and raise young in tightly packed gatherings of thousands. This helps them escape from their enemies, kill… Sea lions display extreme sexual dimorphism, (marked differences in appearance or size between males and females of the same species), with adult males being at least two times, and as much as four times larger than adult females. their constant barking, roaring and growling can be heard from over 5 miles away. The California sea lion, found along the western coast of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Costa Rica, is the trained seal commonly seen in animal acts and zoos. Males can weigh up to 390kg (850lbs) and have a distinctive raised bony bump on their head known as a sagittal crest. The smallest is the ringed seal, with an average length of 5 feet (1.5 m) and a weight of 110 to 150 lbs. Identification. The California sea lion is mostly a coastal animal that frequently leaps from the water when swimming. Great apes facts, photos and videos..Human beings did not evolve from chimpanzees, modern chimps and gorillas do not appear in the fossil records until much more recently than homo sapiens.. e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org, Copyright 2011 - 2019 by Jenise Alongi Animal Facts Encyclopedia.com. size of the blue sea lion population) that you will need to understand for the conservation of blue sea lions in your region (i.e., how well its doing), or things abo ut its biology that need to be counted , quantified or evaluated in order to manage it properly. Adult males are 2.0–2.5 metres in length and weigh 300 kg, whereas females measure 1.5 metres long and weigh less than 100 kg. The entire pregnancy lasts between 8 and 12 months depending on species. The five genera of sea lions, together with fur seals (genus Arctocephalus) and northern fur seals (Callorhinus), constitute the family Otariidae (eared seals). The southern, or South American, sea lion (Otaria byronia) is generally brown with a yellowish orange belly. - Sea Lion Facts. Omissions? South American sea lions eat mostly fish, squid, and crustaceans but occasionally kill and eat other seals. They are as follows: Fortunately, US Divers provides its customers with a very wide range of size options. African Animals - Animal Facts Encyclopedia, Great Apes Facts - Animal Facts Encyclopedia, Sea lions are known as eared or walking seals, A male sea lion is called a bull, a female is called a cow, and a baby is called a pup. Crowding is a sea lion thing, and they would prefer to sleep three bodies deep than move to an unoccupied platform. Much of a males dominance is related to size, with smaller animals almost always giving way to larger ones. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Galápagos sea … The "true seals", such as elephant seals and harp seals, do not have external ear structures and are not capable of walking, but rather must roll or wriggle from place to place when on land. Many females live on barrier islands year round, raising their pups in large daycare groups with multiple mothers keeping an eye out for danger. Adult females are significantly smaller and slimmer than males. When they aren't crowding the San Francisco piers, the California sea lions are crowding the islands for mating season, where their bodies fill the water and the dunes, and their constant barking, roaring and growling can be heard from over 5 miles away. Also often referred to as the "walking seals", the eared seals can actually move, even run, quite rapidly when necessary. even while they are apparently fast asleep. The Australian Sea Lion is a sexually dimorphic (two body forms) species, with the adult males up to twice the weight and length of the female. Females will give birth within a few days of arriving at the rookery, and will be ready to mate 10 to 14 days later. In preparation for the breeding season, their weight often increases up to 1,000 pounds (454 kilograms). Australian Sea Lion – Males are dark brown with a light yellow mane around their heads. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Some sea lions can stay underwater for over half an hour without taking a breath. In addition to the presence of external ears, eared seals have longer flippers than do earless seals. The rear limbs of true seals are fused together and are permanently facing rearward, making walking impossible. Sea lions have long and smooth whiskers or vibrissae. All other times a warm body and a friendly "ark, ark, ark" means this is home. Sea lions stalk schools of fish which they rush through with jaws agape spearing their quarry with impressively sharp teeth. Description & Behavior. Sea lions are great swimmers, too, reaching speeds of 18 miles per hour (29 kilometers per hour) for short bursts. Their bodies are long and slender and their heads appear to be almost a little too large for their thin serpent like bodies. sea lions can lift their bodies up off the sand and walk on all fours, The typical performing seal is most likely a California sea lion. Sea lions are very vocal, sometimes even considered as noisy. innate need to be in close contact with each other. The pup is quite large when born, weighing up to 55 pounds, sighted and fully furred. In captivity it can live more than 30 years (less in the wild). - Sea Lion Facts. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Because of their massive size and aggressive nature, they are rarely kept in captivity. Lion Fish Aquarium. Sea Lion Size: Male sea lions are really huge and weight between 1,500 lbs to 1 ton with almost 11 feet long in length whereas female sea lions are smaller with a weight around 700 lbs and 9 feet long in length. Can you tell a seal from a sea lion? the South American sea lion also has ruff of long hair that makes everything very clear. Now an amazing tourist attraction, the sea lions lounge while onlookers take pictures. All pinnipeds, even walruses, are considered seals in the broad sense that leopards are considered cats, so it is not incorrect to call a sea lion a seal, just less precise . Sea lion, any of six species of eared seals found primarily in Pacific waters. Female California sea lions reach about 1.5 to 2 m (5–6.5 ft.) and 50 to 110 kg (110–240 lbs. The typical performing seal is most likely a California sea lion, one of the most common and familiar of the seven sea lion species. 566 Free images of Sea Lion. The sea lions ancient ancestors were land animals somewhat similar to bears. Male California sea lions reach about 2 to 2.5 m (6.5–8 ft.) and 200 to 400 kg (440–880 lbs.). Sea lions are characterized by a coat of short coarse hair that lacks a distinct undercoat. They gained enough insight into the dynamics of the population to fill in gaps from a few years with little data. South American sea lions, Otaria flavescens (Shaw, 1800), aka southern sea lions, are also referred to as Otaria byronia.They vary in size within the species and between males and females. There are 18 species of true seals, according to Seals World. The Steller sea lion has attracted considerable attention in recent decades A group of sea lions is called a colony on land, and a raft when in the water. These giant pinnipeds hunt fish, squid, octopus and, rarely, smaller seals. Leopard seal vs sea lion size. Typemammaldietcarnivoreaverage life span in the wild12 to 15 yearssize10 to 115 ft 3 to 35 mweightup to 840 lbs 380 kg … When she finally goes back to the sea to hunt and feed, she leaves the pup in a little playgroup of several other pups who will play and sleep together while they wait for their mothers to return. They are about 6 feet (1.8 meters) long and weigh an average of 220 pounds (100 kilograms). They also have the ability … They move across land by stretching their upper bodies out and arching their backs to pull themselves forward. The New Zealand, or Hooker’s, sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) inhabits only New Zealand. Sea lions also have longer flippers than true seals. Sea lions have thick fur and even thicker layers of blubber to keep them warm in their preferred cold climates, but they exist in all the oceans of the world except for the Atlantic ocean. All sea lions have a unique appearance. 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